Summary: Electric automobiles had a long evolutionary process. With the invention of new and better batteries, various versions of electric vehicles were created by the names like Thomas Davenport, A. L. Ryker, William Morrison, and others.
Electric automobiles use an electric motor for operating instead of any gasoline-powered motor. The various bikes, boats, airplanes, motorcycles, and trains are all powered by electricity. It is clearly not known as to who brought in the first electric automobile. It was Ányos Jedlik, a Hungarian, who made a small-scale car model in 1828 AD that ran on electric motor. Somewhere between 1832 AD and 1839 AD, a crude electric-powered carriage was invented by Robert Anderson of Scotland. Professor Stratingh of Groningen, Holland, created a small-scale electric car in 1835 AD. In the same year, a blacksmith from Brandon, Vermont named Thomas Davenport made a small-scale electric car. He also owns the credit of building the first DC electric motor of America.
With advancement, better batteries were invented. Thomas Davenport and Robert Davidson created more advanced electric road vehicles in and around 1842 AD. They made use of non-rechargeable electric cells. France and Great Britain happens to be the first two nations during the 1800s that came forward to support the development of various electric driven vehicles. Americans started engaging themselves in making electric vehicles not until 1895 AD. A. L. Ryker and William Morrison created an electric tricycle in 1891 AD that was a six-passenger wagon. The first ever commercial electric vehicle came into being in New York City in 1897 AD through introduction of taxis that was constructed by the Electric Carriage and Wagon Company of Philadelphia.
The Magnificent Era of 1900s
By 1900 AD, America became interested in the manufacturing of electric cars. The 1902 AD Phaeton that was created by the Woods Motor Vehicle Company of Chicago could travel 18 miles at a speed of 14 mph. A hybrid car was invented by this company in 1916 AD that had an electric motor and an internal combustion engine too. The electric vehicles that were made thereafter had a lot of advantages as compared to those which were made during the early 1900s. They were devoid of any bad noise, vibration, and smell, which were part of gasoline cars. It was very difficult to run gasoline cars due to the involvement of changing gears. Electric vehicles on the other hand did not need gear changes.
Electric vehicles gained a lot of popularity over time as manual effort was not needed in its operation. Majority of the earlier version of electric vehicles were massive carriages mainly created for the privileged class. They had nice interiors. Electric vehicles became highly successful in the 1920s.