Summary: Automobile production is nothing new to the world but one that was initiated in Germany in the year 1888 AD. However, with modernization coming its way, the automobile industry also accepted revolutionized upgrades widely.
Karl Benz in the year 1888 AD started the first production of automobiles in Germany. Besides there were few other names too like Edward Butler, Rudolf Egg, and Léon Bollée, who made tricycles. Automobile production began on a large scale by 1900 AD in both France and the United States. A wide range of vehicles were made in the western countries by the end of the 19th century that was powered by electricity, steam, and internal combustion engines. Various kinds of fuels like petrol, kerosene, diesel, and coal oil were used. The Czech company Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau made the first motor car in Central Europe in 1897 AD, named Präsident automobil.
Panhard et Levassor in France was the first company that was dedicated completely to the production of automobiles. It gave rise to the first four-cylinder engine. Next came into the scenario Peugeot. Charles and Frank Duryea from the United States established the Duryea Motor Wagon Company in 1893 AD, which happens to be the pioneer in American automobile manufacturing company. The second mass-produced automobile in the world came over with the establishment of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company who made Ramblers. Ford, Cadillac, and Winton also started manufacturing cars within a year.
A Massive Encroachment in Automobile Industry
With technological advancement, a large number of car manufacturers from across the world started experimenting on various range of automobiles. Newer designs like dual and quad-engine cars were born. Several advancements like multi-valve engines, gas/electric hybrids, four-wheel drive, and overhead camshafts were tried and disposed off with. Louis Renault made a modification on a De Dion-Bouton in 1898 AD. This was the beginning of the Renault car industry. Tiller was used instead of wheels for steering in many of the veteran cars. The brand Rambler first shifted the position of the driver to the left side of the car in 1903 AD. Renault introduced drum brakes in 1902 AD. Dutch designer Jacobus Spijker in 1903 AD created the first four-wheel drive racing car.
A national automotive industry emerged by 1900 AD. Export trade started off wherein Koch exported trucks and cars from Paris to Dutch East Indies, Egypt, Iran, and Tunisia. George B. Selden received a United States patent for a two-stroke automobile engine in November 1895 AD. Automobiles throughout the veteran era were more of a novelty than a useful thing. It was difficult to arrange for fuel and also roads were not in good condition. Besides, there were reports about breakdowns on a regular basis.